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Articles and Resources of Interest

Swarm Captures

Do you have a swarm of honey bees and don't know what to do?


400px-Bee swarm smWe may be able to help! Swarming, while frightening to those unfamiliar with it, is a natural part of a bee's reproductive cycle.

First, don't panic. Contact a beekeeper closest to you for swarm removals. (Towns listed are the hometowns of the beekeepers but many are willing to travel.) Swarms inside walls may be more of a challenge. Follow this link to make sure you are looking at honey bees! Often wasps, yellowjackets, or hornets are mistaken for honeybees. If possible, take a photo of what you see before contacting someone on this list. VBA Members: To be included on this list please email to: membership@vermontbeekeepers.org

BrandonGreg Smela802-458-0620gsmela@highstreethoney.net
Fred Putnam Jr.802-247-3323busybeehoneyvermont@gmail.com
BrattleboroNancy Frye802-380-9330njfrye1@gmail.com
Brookline, NewfaneSandy Sherman802-258-8451drmweavr@comcast.net
BurlingtonBill Mares802-863-4938bill.mares@gmail.com
Tone Cantrell802-324-0083tonetone28@me.com 
CalaisJeffrey Allen jjapple88@gmail.com
CharlotteBob Haven802-324-6385safehaven@gmavt.net
ChelseaChuck Ashton802-685-3029chuck215@gmail.com
ChesterWayne Stowell802-875-2614stowell@vermontel.net
DuxburyKim Greenwood802-244-6657kimgreenwood@myfairpoint.net
Ian Ormon802-839-0556IOrmon@cabotcheese.com
EdenJon T. Creighton802-635-1701 (h) joncreighton4@gmail.com
802-241-5285 (w)
FairleeJP Lariviere802-333-7025jean.lariviere@dartmouth.edu
GoshenChad Beckwith802-247-1443chad@addisonbeekeepers.org
HartlandJeffrey Hamelman802-436-1326  jbluedun@vermontel.net
(No calls after 6PM)
KirbyAaron Young802-748-3034aaron.young@lyndonstate.edu
MarshfieldLindsey Simanskas802-272-5261LSimanskas@gmail.com
MiddleburyRoss Conrad802-349-4279dancingbhoney@gmail.com
MiltonNeal Sand802-309-2492neal.sand@uvm.edu
MonktonScott Wilson802-333-0084scott@vtbeekeeper.com
Marc Beaupre802-922-8735mebeaupre@gmail.com
MontpelierDon Varney802-522-4929donald.j.varney@gmail.com
MorrisvilleAmy Walker802-888-3242FAMmanager@gmail.com
OrangeJohn McNeil802-479-9922jmcneil2011@myfairpoint.net
Pittsford,Rutland,ChittendenJohn Bodin802-483-6765 (h)johnbodin124@gmail.com
802-417-5131 (c)
Dan Brown802-483-2564dan@foxfire-energy.com
PownalJeanne Davis413-652-9057jdavisbwheat@comcast.net
RochesterDave Chase802-767-9902


ShelburneDavid Prior802-985-2379 (h)dklprior@comcast.net
802-343-2254 (c)
Rick Stoner802-985-9456 rstoner@stonerandrews.com
South BurlingtonSamantha Alger401-862-3322samanthaannalger@gmail.com
St.JohnsburyMike Heath802-274-5645mike@kingdomcrust.com
SwantonDarci Benoit802-233-6864darcibenoit@yahoo.com
ThetfordEric Bragg802-299-7238greenshieldphc@gmail.com
TunbridgeDoug Ouellette802-889-9611douette13@gmail.com
VergennesPhillip Westra802-877-3009ptwestra@yahoo.com
WaitsfieldGib Geiger802-496-9255geiger@madriver.com
Waterbury Cntr.Jim Abair802-244-7460j.abair@aol.com
WeathersfieldRon Main802-369-9689greenrootfarm@gmail.com
WilliamstownSheri Englert802-433-9897vtbee@live.com
WolcottBill Morrison802-888-3838wmorrison@myfairpoint.net

Links to Beekeeping Sites


Services & Information Sites:

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How to Join the VBA

If you prefer...

You may download and print this application (PDF). Mail it with your check in the appropriate amount payable to Vermont Beekeepers Association for your membership to the address below. Please include your $15 Regular/Individual or $25 Family annual membership dues (no cash, please), and we'll count you among our ranks.

Vermont Beekeepers Association
PO Box 764
Burlington VT 05402-0764

Vermont Honey Story

European honeybees were brought to America in the 1600’s to provide honey and to pollinate a newly introduced animal forage called clover. Since then the honeybee has become an essential link in our food production chain, pollinating more than 80 commercial crops.

This process of cross-pollination is vital to many plants, enabling them to reproduce and produce seeds and fruit. Many commercial crops need pollination. This is especially true of Vermont's fine apple crop. Other Vermont crops that benefit from pollination include blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, pumpkins, squash and cucumbers.

As you drive the gravel of Vermont's country roads and enjoy the scenic beauty of the many lush pastures which dot our countryside, keep in mind that many of these fields that feed Vermont's dairy herds also provide a significant portion of the "bee pasture" so vital to the state's honey bee industry. Keep in mind too, that Vermont bees work within village and city limits to provide honey and pollination to Vermont's "urban" beekeepers.

Vermont's honey is produced from wildflowers and forage feeds for cattle where use of chemicals is rare. These floral sources from which this honey comes is more various than wine grapes. The honey is a pure product produced by small beekeepers taking pride in their product.

Vermont has long been known for its innovative beekeepers and sweet pastures. The 1868 U.S. agriculture survey showed Vermont as being, as it is now, the leading honey producing state in New England with 12,000 to 15,000 hives producing from 400,000 to 1,000,000 pounds of honey annually. Because of the types of plants that grow in Vermont's sweet soils, our honey is characteristically mild flavored and light colored. But beyond flavor and color, Vermont honey is a tradition worthy of great pride and praise.


It is interesting to notice how in Vermont the wants of the bee are met from early spring till late autumn. Field work for the honeybees begins in April when, if the weather cooperates, you will see them probing into the silky catkins on Pussy Willow bushes and Swamp Alders. Maple Syrup producers have only recently pulled their taps from the Sugar Maple trees, when the bees are beginning to visit the small flower of these trees and their soft maple cousins.

The first heavy nectar flow of the spring comes with the Dandelion bloom, which can be as high as 60 pounds. Most of these spring honeys are left in the hive to fuel the rebuilding of hive populations which have declined drastically during the winter months. The same is true of the flow from Vermont's Apple trees, though pure Apple Honey, in the rare year when the beekeeper can extract a little, is exquisite; it has the delicate taste and scent of the Apple flowers themselves.


The early summer flow starts with Black Locust trees. Their drooping clusters of white flowers don't produce every year, but when they do they hum with bees, and yield a water white honey of heavy body and mild flavor. Beehives in some locales can also put in a sizable crop of honey at this time from both Wild Blackberry and Raspberry bushes. It is a superior honey and, like locust, very light-colored.

The main event for many beekeepers begins in mid-June with the onset of the clover flow. For about two weeks various species of clover grown as feed for dairy cows flower and, especially in hot, humid days of early summer, produce tremendous quantities of nectar. Hives on platform scales have shown 12 pound gains in a single day as the bee yard roars with activity. It is the clovers and their close relatives in the legume family of plants that have turned Vermont into a land of milk and honey, and clover honey, so rich and smooth, is a special favorite.

Probably the most identifiable clover is White Dutch. Most people have seen bees working in its small, low growing flowers on their lawns or in pastures. Alsike, the queen of clovers, is a major component of good hay. Tallish, with large white heads tinged with pink, it thrives in sweet clay soils like those found in the Champlain Valley. Some beekeepers have estimated that an acre of Alsike will produce 500 pounds of honey in a good season. The nectar of red clover, the state flower, is ironically not available to honeybees. Their tongues are too short to reach the nectar at the base of the flowers. Bee breeders have actually been trying for years to develop a long tongued honeybee that can work red clover, as bumblebees can. The frenzy of the clover flow has usually subsided in the bee yard by the Fourth of July, when the first cut of hay is down and in the barns, and by this time the better part of a hive's surplus may have been made.

Honey from the beautiful Basswood tree is next. A six-to-ten day flow in early July (again, not to be depended upon every year) produces a fine honey, light colored and slightly minty. The purple flowers of Alfalfa, the world's most widespread forage crop, grown on farms everywhere in Vermont, can attract bees in July if conditions are right, and if farmers don't cut and bail it before it blooms. Many Wild flowers, Vetch, Milkweed, Sumac, and several Mint varieties, round out the summer crop and lend a bit of piquancy to it.

Autumn & Winter

As summer winds down, thick stands of goldenrod and aster appear in just about every corner of the state to signal an end to the summer. This is one of a typical year's biggest flows, but because fall honey is often a bit darker and stronger flavored than earlier honeys, most beekeepers leave it in the hive. It's going to be about six months before the bees will be able to dine out in field and forest again, and each hive will need from 60 to 90 pounds of honey stores to make it through the winter.

So ends a chronicle of one honey season. The average honey crop in Vermont is about 50 to 60 pounds (five gallons per hive). Many small beekeepers prefer to remove and extract parts of the crop periodically, as various specialty honeys appear in the hive. The larger commercial operators, who keep their bees in the heavily farmed valleys where the clovers predominate, generally remove the crop all at once and call it "clover honey". Beekeepers in higher elevations often blend their honey in the same way and refer to it as "wildflower honey". It is characteristically a darker amber color and more robust tasting than the clover. We, the members of the Vermont Beekeepers Association, one of the oldest agricultural groups in Vermont, take a great deal of pride in the honey we harvest. It has rightfully come to be known as a gourmet product.

Learn to be a Beekeeper

Where can I learn about beekeeping?

The Vermont Beekeepers Association runs workshops at its northern bee yard from April to September each year.  Topics and locations can be found on the VBA Calendar.

We also suggest looking through all the resources on this site - and join the Vermont Beekeepers Association. You'll have access to mentors willing to work one-on-one with you as well as other tools and services.

Recommended Books

Recommended Books

  1. Honey Bee: Parasites, Pest, Predators, and Diseases, Penn. State University
  2. Beekeeping Basics, MAAREC & Penn State. Nice guide, lots of photos, covers it all in a spiral bound notebook form (not available on Amazon.com)
  3. The Beekeepers Handbook,  Diana Sammataro
  4. The Backyard Beekeeper: An Absolute Beginner's Guide to Keeping Bees in Your Yard and Garden, Kim Flottum
  5. First Lessons for Beekeepers, Keith Delaplane, Dadant & Co. 
  6. Bees Besieged,  by Bill Mares, A.I. Root & Co.
  7. Natural Beekeeping,  by Ross Conrad
  8. Fruitless Fall, by Rowan Jocobsen, Bloomsbury
  9. The Forgotten Pollinators, Buchmann & Nahban, Shearwater Books
  10. A Book of Bees, Sue Hubbell, Random House
  11. Honeybee Democracy, Thomas D. Seeley, Princeton Books

Also recommended is a subscription to either Bee Culture, geared to beginners or American Bee Journal, geared to commercial beekeeping. (VBA membership gives you a discount for each of these magazines.)


Cooking With Honey is Healthy!

Color, Flavor, and Form

Honeys differ in color and taste depending on the blossoms visited by the honey bees. Honey can be enjoyed in several forms -- comb honey, liquid honey and whipped honey.


Store honey at room temperature. It does not need to be refrigerated.

Honey Poppy Seed Salad Dressing

3/4 cup Mayonnaise

1/3 cup Honey

2 tbsp Poppy Seeds

1 tbsp Dijon- style mustard

Whisk together ingredients and refrigerate until ready to use.

Honey Apple Chutney

2 apples cored and chopped

3/4 cup each currants and chopped onion

1/2 cup chopped bell pepper and snipped dates

2 cloves garlic, finely chopped

1 cup honey

3/4 cup apple cider vinegar

1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon

In medium skillet combine apple, currants, onion, bell peppers, dates and garlic.

Combine honey, vinegar and cinnamon. Add to skillet mixture. Mix well.

Bring to a boil, decrease heat to a simmer and cook about 40 minutes stirring occasionally. Cool and refrigerate.

Makes about 2 1/2 cups.


Honey Bran Muffins

1 1/2 cups sifted flour

1 cup bran

3 tsp baking powder

1 tsp salt

1 tsp cinnamon

1 beaten egg

1/3 cup honey

2/3 cup milk

3 1/2 tsp melted butter

Preheat oven to 375 degrees.

Mix dry ingredients. Combine remaining ingredients and add to dry ingredients. Stir only enough to moisten. Fill well greased muffin tins 2/3 full.

Bake 18 to 20 minutes.


Honey Butter

1/2 C soft butter

1/2 C honey

Cream butter and honey. Beat until fluffy.

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